The development of intelligent transportation in China in 2018-Industry Information
The intelligent transportation system (ITS) is discussed and introduced in detail in the "intelligent transportation system manual". It defines the intelligent transportation system as the integrated application of communication, control and information processing technology in the transportation system. The integrated benefits of this integrated application are mainly reflected in saving life, time and money, reducing energy consumption and improving the environment.
In particular, the intelligent transportation system is a kind of efficient, convenient, safe, environmentally friendly and comfortable, which is effectively integrated and applied to the whole ground traffic management system, which effectively integrates advanced information technology, data communication and transmission technology, electronic sensing technology and computer software processing technology. A real-time and accurate integrated transportation management system.
Characteristics of Intelligent Transportation Development
The difference between intelligent transportation and traffic information
Traffic information and intelligent transportation have a main line, that is, data, information, from data collection, convergence to processing, application, every link can not be less. For intelligent transportation system, this is also the main process of the comprehensive traffic information platform of its subsystem.
In the field of application, intelligent transportation involves more and more urban road networks, but intelligent traffic is used in navigation, monitoring, and image analysis in aviation and water.
Transportation informationization, more extensive, more popular, it covers the railway, highway, waterway industries, more emphasis on digital operations and application services software. And intelligent transportation, from the link between people, cars and roads, includes field equipment for data acquisition, local and central control devices. Of course, it is more important to run through these hardware control software and transmission data flow.
Characteristics of intelligent traffic
The intelligent transportation system has the following two characteristics: one is to focus on the extensive application and service of traffic information, and the two is to improve the operating efficiency of existing traffic facilities.
Compared with the general technology system, the integrity requirements in the process of intelligent transportation system construction are more stringent. This wholeness is reflected in the following:
(1)Cross industry characteristics. Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) construction involves many industries and is a complex giant system engineering which is widely participated by society, thus causing complex inter-industry coordination problems.
(2)The characteristics of the technical field. The intelligent transportation system combines the achievements of many scientific fields, such as traffic engineering, information engineering, control engineering, communication technology, computer technology and so on. It is necessary to cooperate with technicians in many fields.
(3)The government, enterprises, scientific research units and colleges and universities participate together, and the proper role orientation and task sharing are important prerequisites for the effective implementation of the system.
(4)The intelligent transportation system will be supported by a new generation of information technology, such as mobile communication, broadband network, RFID, sensor, cloud computing and so on. It is more in line with the application needs of people, and the degree of trust can be improved and become "ubiquitous".
Analysis of the influence of intelligent transportation policy
In order to realize the sustainable development of the national economy, the government of our government has listed the industry of intelligent transportation management system as an industry to encourage development, and has created a good policy environment for the development of the industry. In February 2006, the national medium and long term plan for science and technology development (2006-2020 years) promulgated by the State Council listed "transportation industry" as one of the 11 key areas of our country, and identified the "intelligent transportation management system" as the priority theme. In April 2008, the newly promulgated "Measures for the Identification and Management of High-tech Enterprises" listed "Intelligent Transportation Technology" as a high-tech field supported by the state.
1、Under the guidance of national policies, we should continue to increase investment in the industry.
The Ministry of credit and the Ministry of finance will continue to push the development of the animal network industry through special funds in 2014, and determine the six major areas of development such as intelligent logistics and intelligent transportation. In the context of the central development of smart city, this move will bring capital to the Internet of things enterprises and promote a new round of industrial development. Because smart cities can promote steady growth and ensure employment, the government has strong motivation to build and implement. At present, the development of China's logistics industry is still lagging behind, the small scale of third party logistics services, the lack of logistics infrastructure capacity and other bottlenecks make the logistics cost of our country far higher than that of the United States. In the early days, the "rookie" of Ali group took off, and the big wave of intelligent logistics has begun.
2、Guiding the development direction of the industry
National policy, through tax incentives, financial subsidies, low interest loans and other measures to give priority to the development of the industry from the policy, the direction of the development of the industry to give guidance. The sub sectors that are encouraged by policies have better prospects for development and will naturally be favored by practitioners in the industry.
3、Standardizing industry behavior
The industry policy makes a clearer entry threshold and competition standard for intelligent traffic, ensuring the orderly state of the development and competition of the whole intelligent transportation industry and maintaining the healthy and stable development of the industry. A good industry development environment is an important factor in the industry development, malignant competition and unreasonable competition for the entire industry has great harm.
Analysis of the current development of intelligent transportation in China
1、Start stage (before 2000)
From 70s to 80s of last century, some basic research on urban traffic signal control was mainly carried out in China. In 90s, foreign advanced technology was introduced in the first tier cities such as Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen, and the pioneering research was carried out on the basis of learning. During the "fifteen", the key to intelligent transportation was the key. Some breakthroughs have been made in technology, and some demonstration points such as electronic charging system and traffic management system have been set up. The energy transportation system in our country has entered the stage of popularization and application and improvement, but there is still a considerable gap between the overall technology and the application level compared with the advanced countries in foreign countries, and to solve the increasingly serious traffic supply and demand contradiction. The effect is limited.
2、Substantive construction phase (2000-2005 years)
From "fifteen" to "12th Five-Year", the state invested in the capital of the intelligent transportation system (ITS) gradually. The investment of "fifteen" on the ITS project reached 1 billion 500 million yuan. In the period of "12th Five-Year", the plan invested hundreds of billions of yuan to the intelligent transportation system, and the investment in the period was greatly increased. Intelligent transportation enterprises in China have also developed and invested a lot of money in R & D, production and popularization of intelligent transportation. All these have created favorable conditions for the development of intelligent transportation.
3、High speed development phase (2005 to present)
Compared with developed countries, the overall development level of China's intelligent transportation system is still relatively backward. Take the ETC system as an example, the United States, Japan, Singapore, South Korea and other developed countries have reached a high level of popularity, and Japan's ETC user size is more than 72 million households. Take the application of ETC in the field of parking lot as an example, for example, the popularity rate of Singapore's parking lot has reached more than 90%, and the ETC field in China's parking lot just started. The construction of intelligent transportation system in China will reach the level of intelligent transportation investment in the developed countries in the next twenty to thirty years, and the overall market will continue to develop rapidly in the future.
In 2017, the market size of the intelligent transportation industry reached 82 billion 102 million yuan. As the theme of future traffic priority, the intelligent transportation system has played a very important role in improving the efficiency of traffic management, alleviating traffic congestion, reducing environmental pollution and ensuring traffic safety, which is in line with the national construction of "intelligent city", " The policy of "green city" and "safe city" is strongly supported by policy. In the long run, the intelligent transportation system in China will be more widely used in all sectors and links of transportation, thus creating the corresponding social and economic benefits, and has a broad prospects for development.
Figure 1:2015-2017 China intelligent transportation market scale analysis
Data sources: China Institute of Industrial Research
Development status of Chinese car networking
The industrial structure of the Internet of vehicles is complex, and the industrial chain development model is the industrial pattern of the independent development of various leading forces. In addition to its common characteristics, it can be divided into three parts, such as the upper reaches, the middle reaches and the lower reaches of the following figures.
Vehicle networking is still in the primary stage of development, and its current situation is manifested by the immature and imperfect industrial structure, business model and laws and regulations. In the primary stage, the development of the automobile networking industry must be interactive and cooperative among different enterprises, especially for the upstream and downstream enterprises with complementary products. For example, TSP and auto manufacturers, the enterprise both sides in the development of the whole vehicle system and the use of the system to implement service applications can complement each other. Therefore, the industrial alliance is the core business model of the car network, and the key of industrial alliance based on industrial chain is open, cooperative and win-win.
Figure 2: China car network industrial chain structure map
Data sources: China Institute of Industrial Research
The industrial chain of the Internet of cars is long, and the role of the industry is rich. From the perspective of manufacturing, the upper and upper reaches of the industrial chain include component suppliers, communications equipment providers, and automotive electronic systems suppliers. The downstream is mainly vehicle manufacturers, including traditional car enterprises and Internet vehicles. In addition, there are also a large number of service industry roles in the car networking industry chain, such as map software and data providers, communication service providers, car software providers and so on. In 2017, the scale of China's Internet of vehicles reached 17 million 800 thousand.
Figure 3: the scale analysis of China's car networking
Data sources: China Institute of Industrial Research
Development prospect of intelligent transportation industry
With the introduction of some opinions on promoting the electronic toll collection technology of Expressway applications, it marks the large-scale application of ETC equipment, and puts forward the index of the extension of the next five years. Whether from the industrial scale, enterprise scale, or from the development situation at home and abroad, intelligent transportation will maintain a high-speed development trend in the future.
Intelligent transportation is at the forefront of international transportation science and technology. A survey of the development and traffic operation of most cities in China can solve the problems of road congestion, disorder of order, poor management and so on, and it is only to realize the comprehensive coverage of the intelligent transportation system.
At present, the intelligent transportation industry covers all traffic and transportation industries, such as railway, highway, rail transportation, waterway, shipping and so on. The continuous innovation of science and technology will also bring more surprises to the intelligent transportation industry, and bring more fresh blood into the traffic development of our country.
Urban Intelligent Public Transportation System (ITS) is an intelligent system mainly aimed at the command, management, dispatch, emergency and other aspects of urban internal public transport. The urban intelligent public transport system mainly realizes the comprehensive monitoring of urban public transport lines, stations and vehicles. Through various assistive devices, we predict and rationally dispatch public transport resources and optimize the public transport system.
The urban intelligent transportation industry is in the stage of growth. The layout and framework of the intelligent transportation system in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and other domestic front-line cities have been completed preliminarily, and more intensive deployment of related systems and equipment has been started. In addition, the Beijing Olympic Games, the Shanghai World Expo, the Guangzhou Asian Games, the Shenzhen Universiade and other large-scale international activities have also greatly promoted the growth of the investment scale of the urban intelligent transportation system.
In recent years, the market of urban intelligent transportation industry in China still maintains a high growth trend. The market demand for urban intelligent transportation system mainly focuses on traffic signal control system, traffic video surveillance system, electronic police system and other products. At the same time, the number and amount of the tens of millions of projects in urban intelligent traffic are also rising. Because of the frequency of tens of millions of projects, the Urban Smart transportation market has attracted more and more non traditional urban intelligent transportation enterprises to participate in it. At the same time, in order to alleviate the pressure of government funds turnover, the number of urban intelligent transportation projects constructed by the way of general contracting project is gradually increasing.
1、The market prospect of Urban Intelligent Transportation Industry
In the field of product technology, the construction of Urban Intelligent Transportation System in China focuses on the realization of management function, which is mainly used to support and strengthen the original management system of the traffic management department. In the future, urban intelligent transportation system will transform to service function, and provide information service to urban road traffic users by using the traffic information data obtained.
As the theme of urban traffic priority development in the future, urban intelligent transportation system plays a very important role in improving traffic management efficiency, solving traffic congestion, reducing environmental pollution and ensuring traffic safety. It meets the requirements of "intensive, intelligent, green, low carbon" construction of new urbanization in China and is a new type of implementation. The effective means of urbanization. With the deepening of urbanization in China and the increase of urban road construction investment and the renewal of the original urban intelligent transportation system, the market size of urban intelligent transportation will continue to present a rapid growth momentum. Its industrialization and scale will bring great social and economic benefits to our country, and the future market will be in the future. The prospect is broad.
Intelligent transportation occupies a large proportion in the development of transportation and transportation industry in the future, because there are common road congestion in our country, the imbalance of traffic supply and demand, the contradiction between the three people of city, population and traffic are becoming increasingly prominent, which all need to develop intelligent traffic so that the current urban traffic can be changed. Good, the development of a virtuous circle.
2、High definition intelligent transportation, full bloom
HD hash and electronic police have been put forward for several years, but they have really been used in recent two years. The system not only has industrial-controlled high-definition products, but also has embedded high-definition products, and uses a platform for the unified processing of various front-end data. The platform uses WebSphere as application server and Oracle as database, which completely exceeds the security requirements of the Ministry of Public Security.
(first) high definition radar triggered speed snatching system
The front-end capture system uses narrow-wave radar Doppler effect detection technology, which not only has various jamming functions, but also provides speed measurement and penalty functions. Using the high-definition industrial CCD megapixel capture machine, all the past vehicle snapshots and intelligent flashing lights are independently triggered, and the captured pictures are transmitted through the network to the center, the license plate recognition host is identified, and the information is superposed, and the processed pictures are sent to the center management server and the database suit. All the intersection capture records are managed by the central server. Each management workstation can manage the capture records of each intersection in real time. At the same time, each direction uses a clear camera to monitor and video on the road.
(second) high definition electronic police system
Using the 2 million CCD HD webcam, using a pure video capture mode, each camera monitors two to three lanes. HD network camera automatically photographed three Zhang Quanjing (and special) pictures of illegal vehicles, high definition network video camera simultaneous LED strobe light supplemental light to make up, ensure that the image is clear and available. To ensure that the photos can be taken as a basis for traffic police enforcement, three high definition panoramic (and special) pictures that can reflect the dynamic running of the vehicle, the first picture is a picture of the car when the car is not pressing the parking line during the red light, and the second is a picture of the car that is pressed on the parking line or through the parking line during the red light. The third picture is for the vehicle to continue driving through the stop line during the red light. All the processing results are stored and superposed on the host computer through the network, and the storage information is automatically uploaded to the server management system through the transmission system (can be manually controlled downloaded to the related storage media), and the computer is used to process the related business processing.
(third) other schemes
Some manufacturers go through the red light system using high standard mixed cameras (standard analysis of vehicle tracks, high-definition snapshots). This system is not a pure high-definition system, but also has certain advantages, after all, the standard video for host resources, storage, transmission and other requirements to be low. There is also a high definition CMOS camera, but the CMOS camera can cause a drag phenomenon in the card application, and because CMOS is much worse than CCD in the light, so the demand for the lighting at night is more harsh than that of the CCD high definition camera. Reduce the image noise problem.